Public and private faces, a sermon for the Third Sunday after Trinity 12th June 2016, including the Queen’s 90th birthday and the EU referendum!

When Paddington first went to live with the Browns he wasn’t sure how old he was, so they decided to start again at one. They also agreed that bears “just like the queen” have two birthdays every year and they decided that Paddington should celebrate his on Christmas Day and June 25th.  Although Paddington always celebrates his birthdays, he never actually gets any older!  This year marks his 58th (human) anniversary, since the publication of the very first book on October 13th 1958.

So, the queen, like Paddington Bear has two birthdays, but not because she is a bear, but because she has a private one (her actual date of birth), and a public one in the summer, when we hope the sun will shine for Trooping the Colour and all the fetes and garden parties which are taking place to celebrate.

This tradition reflects what we know to be true about ourselves and all human beings…. for we each have a public persona and an inner face.  Those who know us best probably know us in a way that others don’t, but sometimes perhaps we like to reserve to ourselves an inner space that even those who are nearest to us don’t really encounter, and perhaps even that we don’t acknowledge ourselves.  If this includes suppression and denial it can be very destructive. Life is a journey of experiences and relationships that shape us, many of them beyond our control or understanding, and part of being human is learning to live with ourselves, and to live well with ourselves so that we can live well with others.  This isn’t always easy…. I worked in a parish that held a Christmas lunch for people who would otherwise be on their own.  Families made heroic sacrifices, giving up their own family space, cooking, serving and transporting various lonely souls… and a real mixture of characters would be there, often quite angular and obstreperous… and I recall someone wryly observed, “once you’ve spent Christmas with someone who’s usually alone at Christmas you discover why they’re alone at Christmas….”

Some of us manage to keep our public faces and private lives separate, and some of us can’t help revealing all about ourselves… (I once had a boss who observed drily “you can’t hide it when you’re bored, can you?”), and some even try to project a different face, a heroic version of themselves, and some don’t (or can’t) face up to the truth about themselves…

The story of David and Bathsheba is one that sits uncomfortably with the heroic image of David and has the sordid detail of a tabloid story.  David falls for the beautiful Bathsheba and arranged for her husband to be placed in the thick of battle so that he will be killed and so that David can then claim her as a wife.  This (note to those who look to scripture for biblical authority on marriage), was in addition to a number of other wives and concubines he already had!  David’s secret action angers God and he sends Nathan with a parable that has an impact;  David is struck with remorse, but the action has consequences… if you read on in the story the child dies, in spite of David’s prayers, and duly chastened, David changes his ways.  I don’t believe God chooses the death of any creature, but we can imagine that such a  tragic death will feel like a punishment to one who has been neglectful of his true responsibilities.  We are shaped by our experiences of relationship, and most of us negotiate this fairly OK, but not everyone does, which is why those who fall into sin (as the prayer book has it) probably deserve our compassion rather than our condemnation.  Addiction and addictive behaviour, criminality and other forms of misanthropy have complex causes.  For powerful people like David it is perhaps more reprehensible than for those for whom poverty and abuse have been their parental forces.  Our society struggles with penal policy, should we aim to punish or rehabilitate criminals… (what does institutional forgiveness look like?) and within that is a deeper question about whether it is ever right to imprison women, and especially the mothers of children, for whom imprisonment seems bound to create just another generation of unloved people who are bound for yet more criminality.

Whatever our personal views on a public policy like prisons, our faith appears to challenge us to think hard about how the private and public spheres relate to each other, and especially in the context of making a moral judgement.  The encounter between Jesus and a woman who is a ‘notorious sinner’ is vivid and plain in its meaning:  people who appear to be good risk harbouring evil in their hearts, especially when they are quick to make a judgement about a women whose sinfulness is well-known, but who has the insight to recognise her need of grace when she encounters it and  to respond in a  way that makes herself vulnerable beyond measure.

It is interesting that straight after this story Luke lists the women who accompanied Jesus…

Mary, called Magdalene, Joanna, the wife of Herod’s steward Chuza, and Susanna, and many others, who provided for them out of their resources. We also know of Martha and Mary, the mother of Zebedee, Mary the mother of James and John, Mary his mother, Salome, Mary the wife of Clopas, quite apart from the Samaritan woman, the Syro-Phonecian woman, the woman whom he healed on the Sabbath and called a daughter of Abraham, the widow of Nain, the woman with the issue of blood, the daughter of the synagogue leader… in fact women often feature more prominently than the men, and this represents a subversion of accepted norms, which of course is the nature of grace.  Jesus parries the judgements of his hosts with a story about forgiveness, which he casts in economic terms, and even this story makes little sense; what lender of money with any business acumen would release his debtors in such a way?  The story gains traction if we consider how much people in our world are more indebted than ever, such that (for example) in the referendum debate personal finance is a more important factor than (say), global development or peace in Europe.

The relationship between debt and forgiveness needs more understanding, not least because it highlights another aspect of sin that we must consider, namely the distinction between personal and public sin. It is easy to spot faults in another person (and hide them in ourselves) but what about our participation in the bigger public sins, such as pollution, over-consumption or military expedience?

In the earthy style of the gospels, the way to read this is in the pitiful action of the weeping woman… the diners would not be seated, but reclining around an open square, the woman’s actions are of the deepest humility. Humility is being honest about ourselves, and the net effect is that it should make us very gentle with each other, and this is both the anchor and mechanism of forgiveness…

A Christian writer called Eugene Peterson wrote “The church is a group of sinners, and what’s more, it’s led by sinners”. I’m not entirely sure how this pans out for how a church community represents itself to a  wider community, but a character of humility and forgives, grace and generosity of spirit is probably along the right lines.  In terms of our personal discipleship it means being willing to make the inward journey to acknowledge the truth about ourselves, before helping others.  Elsewhere in the scripture Jesus points out the tendency to spot faults in others rather than address the faults in ourselves. The inner journey is perhaps the hardest one to make, and yet also the most important. Another time I would like to develop this theme, and perhaps it might form the basis for some further study or discernment as a pattern of discipleship, what it means to be truly Christian, ministering forgiveness in places where there is precious little forgiveness. I have a sense that our society and world need it more than ever, and perhaps on a  weekend when the celebration of the queen’s birthday might draw us to consider our civic duty, perhaps this is a message the church can be bolder in preaching as a way of creating a more generous society.  And that way of thinking might also help inform us decide how we shall vote in the forthcoming referendum, but that’s a public action for each of us to decide in the privacy of the ballot box!


Sermon in anticipation of Christian Aid Week


Preached on 10th April 2016     The Third Sunday of Easter

As you know next Sunday is our annual meeting and copies of the report are available, please take one, read it and come ready to participate after the service next week!  I’ve enjoyed reading the reports and one caught my eye, from the scouts: Ian writes about how camping gives boys new experiences, especially breakfast!   Spreading stuff on your toast is a skill many of us in adult life take for granted…. But where did we learn how to do it? For this young generation it seems it is when away with the 61st for the first time. The damage seen on the first morning has to be seen to be believed. Butter in the jam, jam in the butter and EVERYTHING all over everything else. By day two things are better and by the second weekend away, most of our young people are experts. What would the world’s breakfast table be like without Scouting! What indeed…


Today’s gospel happens at breakfast time.  It is said that breakfast is the most important meal of the day… the meal after a wedding is often called the wedding breakfast, the first meal after the marriage.  Our own parish breakfast I guess derives from the tradition of fasting before communion… perhaps some here still keep that discipline, but I think it only really works with early services…  nonetheless, today’s gospel reading draws our attention to the importance of a meal at the break of the day, when the disciples saw the risen Christ.


Paul had a dramatic vision on the Damascus road.  Few of us have had this kind of experience… and so our collect prayer is keenly felt, “give us such knowledge of his presence with us, that we may be strengthened and sustained by his risen life and see you continually in righteousness and truth”.  Knowledge of the presence of the risen Christ will affect how we live.


Careful listeners last week will have heard the end of chapter 20…. Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book. But these are written so that you may come to believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that through believing you may have life in his name.

Chapter 21 is thought to be a later addition… possibly as a restoration of Peter…. notice the charcoal fire reminding us of the high priest’s courtyard and the three questions which invite Peter to declare his love of Jesus, replacing his threefold denial, and thus restoring him.  Other elements of the story are resonant…  they’re fishing, there’s a miraculous draught of fishes after the bidding of a stranger… and a prediction of suffering.


So here’s how we find the risen Christ…. (1) at the margins….. edge of sea, (2) in the mundane, and (3) in facing the truth about ourselves, even (or especially) when that hurts, for forgiveness and reconciliation are at the heart of the resurrection.


We read that Peter was “hurt” when Jesus asked him the third time if he loved him. The Greek word (elupethe) means to grieve, cause sadness… used even of pain of childbirth in the Greek translation of the OT (Genesis 3:16).  Why was he so hurt….? Look closely at the Greek….  twice Jesu asks agapeis me, and twice Peter says phileo, then Jesus downgrades the question to phileis me, and then Peter is grieved, for he sees that Jesus has reduced his expectation….  The uncomfortable truth is that God knows we’re not much capable of the ultimate sacrifice….. and yet he calls us to do what we can and loves us in spite of our weakness.

This is what the collect means by living in righteousness and truth, accepting the truth about ourselves and then getting on with loving our neighbours.  Real humility means being taken where we do not want to go… as Jesus says to Peter… But when you grow old, you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will fasten a belt around you and take you where you do not wish to go.’ (He said this to indicate the kind of death by which he would glorify God.) After this he said to him, ‘Follow me.’


An opportunity to do this is Christian Aid’s latest campaign The Big Brekkie.  You’ll see on the newssheet that CA week is approaching and there is a meeting this week, all welcome, to plan…. I know that there are mixed feelings about undertaking the street collection but I want to challenge us to engage with is as fully as we can because one of the ways in which we witness to the resurrection, our belief in life without barriers, is being ready to invite people to recognize that the call to love our neighbours is not just the people who live next door or down the street, but people elsewhere.  This year’s campaign is focused on Bangladesh, and the inhabitants of the region of Brahmaputra river, part of the drainage basin of the Himalayas.  Their website features Morsheda, a young mother of four living in Bangladesh. She has no land, few assets and no savings. And no matter how hard she works, she can’t escape the floods that constantly threaten to destroy her home.  Just £250 is enough to flood-proof Morsheda’s home, raising it eight foot on an earth plinth so that she has a safe place to rebuild. It could also buy a goat, seeds and a wormery to produce compost, giving her a long-term income.  ‘If I could raise my house then I would feel much safer living here with my children.’  Could we raise that at breakfast?


These are people living not beside the sea, but at water’s edge with great uncertainty. In a  world where the news is dominated by investments of the super-rich, it still takes people of modest means, ourselves, to demonstrate what love truly means, and I think Christian Aid, the delivery of the envelope and the invitation to give, is an act of witness, even if it is rebuffed.  At our planning meeting I hope we can develop a strategy to encourage us to do this in our patch. But in the meantime, Christian Aid is also offering a way for churches to raise a sum of money themselves, using breakfast.. and so I hope we might get this vision and use our parish breakfast on Sunday 15th May to hold a Big Brekkie…. an all age event on what will be the Feast of Pentecost, to which we might like to invite our wider circle of friends and families… as an act of solidarity with the world’s poorest people, and an expression of our belief in the presence of the risen Christ.  The only thing that prevents us, like Peter, is our fearfulness and uncertainty… if we know ourselves truly loved, then we will be able to do this. That, of course, is what we are reminded of in this sacrament of holy communion…. our participation in Christ with each other, a solidarity that feeds the soul.


From Martin Luther King’s “A Christmas Sermon on Peace” (1967)


It really boils down to this: that all life is interrelated. We are all caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied into a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly. We are made to live together because of the interrelated structure of reality. Did you ever stop to think that you can’t leave for your job in the morning without being dependent on most of the world? You get up in the morning and go to the bathroom and reach over for the sponge, and that’s handed to you by a Pacific islander. You reach for a bar of soap, and that’s given to you at the hands of a Frenchman. And then you go into the kitchen to drink your coffee for the morning, and that’s poured into your cup by a South American. And maybe you want tea: that’s poured into your cup by a Chinese. Or maybe you’re desirous of having cocoa for breakfast, and that’s poured into your cup by a West African. And then you reach over for your toast, and that’s given to you at the hands of an English-speaking farmer, not to mention the baker. And before you finish eating breakfast in the morning, you’ve depended on more than half the world. This is the way our universe is structured, this is its interrelated quality. We aren’t going to have peace on Earth until we recognize this basic fact of the interrelated structure of all reality.”